OpenConnect server, also known as ocserv, is a VPN server that communicates over SSL. By design, its goal is to become a secure, lightweight, and fast VPN server. OpenConnect server uses the OpenConnect SSL VPN protocol. At the time of writing, it also has experimental compatibility with clients that use the AnyConnect SSL VPN protocol.
This article will show you how to install and setup ocserv on Ubuntu 14.04 x64.
Since Ubuntu 14.04 does not ship with ocserv, we will have to download the source code and compile it. The latest stable version of ocserv is 0.9.2.
Download ocserv from the official site.
wget ftp://ftp.infradead.org/pub/ocserv/ocserv-0.9.2.tar.xz tar -xf ocserv-0.9.2.tar.xz cd ocserv-0.9.2
Next, install the compile dependencies.
apt-get install build-essential pkg-config libgnutls28-dev libwrap0-dev libpam0g-dev libseccomp-dev libreadline-dev libnl-route-3-dev
Compile and install ocserv.
./configure make make install
A sample config file is placed under the directory
ocser-0.9.2/doc. We will use this file as a template. At first, we have to make our own CA cert and server cert.
cd ~ apt-get install gnutls-bin mkdir certificates cd certificates
We create a CA template file (
ca.tmpl) with the content similar to the following. You can set your own “cn” and “organization”.
cn = "VPN CA" organization = "Big Corp" serial = 1 expiration_days = 3650 ca signing_key cert_signing_key crl_signing_key
Then, generate a CA key and CA cert.
certtool --generate-privkey --outfile ca-key.pem certtool --generate-self-signed --load-privkey ca-key.pem --template ca.tmpl --outfile ca-cert.pem
Next, create a local server certificate template file (
server.tmpl) with the the content below. Please pay attention to the “cn” field, it must match the DNS name or IP address of your server.
cn = "you domain name or ip" organization = "MyCompany" expiration_days = 3650 signing_key encryption_key tls_www_server
Then, generate the server key and certificate.
certtool --generate-privkey --outfile server-key.pem certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey server-key.pem --load-ca-certificate ca-cert.pem --load-ca-privkey ca-key.pem --template server.tmpl --outfile server-cert.pem
Copy the key, certificate, and config file to the ocserv config directory.
mkdir /etc/ocserv cp server-cert.pem server-key.pem /etc/ocserv cd ~/ocserv-0.9.2/doc cp sample.config /etc/ocserv/config cd /etc/ocserv
Edit the config file under
/etc/ocserv. Uncomment or modify the fields described below.
auth = "plain[/etc/ocserv/ocpasswd]" try-mtu-discovery = true server-cert = /etc/ocserv/server-cert.pem server-key = /etc/ocserv/server-key.pem dns = 18.104.22.168 # comment out all route fields #route = 10.10.10.0/255.255.255.0 #route = 192.168.0.0/255.255.0.0 #route = fef4:db8:1000:1001::/64 #no-route = 192.168.5.0/255.255.255.0 cisco-client-compat = true
Generate a user that will be used to login to ocserv.
ocpasswd -c /etc/ocserv/ocpasswd username
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j MASQUERADE
Enable IPv4 forwarding. Edit the file
Apply this modification.
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.conf
Start ocserv and connect using Cisco AnyConnect
First, start ocserv.
ocserv -c /etc/ocserv/config
Then, install Cisco AnyConnect on any of your devices, such as iPhone, iPad, or an Android device. Since we used a self-signed server key and certificate, we have to uncheck the option which prevents insecure servers. This option is located in the settings of AnyConnect. At this point, we can setup a new connection with the domain name or IP address of our ocserv and the username/password that we created.
Connect and enjoy!